Wednesday , January 27 2021

Alzheimer’s Awareness Month: 5 Things You Should Know

Alzheimer’s Awareness Month: 5 Things You Should KnowAt this point, most of us know someone that is affected by Alzheimer’s disease. Numerous studies and statistics show Alzheimer’s and other related dementias are on the rise. According to the Alzheimer’s Association’s latest figures, nearly 5.2 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease, and that number is expected to triple by 2050. Experts estimate that an Alzheimer’s diagnosis will affect close to 15 million people by mid-century. Currently, every 66 seconds, someone develops dementia in the United States.
1. What are the risk factors and causes of dementia?
For years, medical professionals and researchers have been trying to find the exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Even with the top three speculative triggers, it’s still unclear as to what is causing this devastating disease to rob so many people of their cognition.
The main characteristics of the disease are attributed to amyloid plaques, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and neurofibrillary tangles. While these pathological markers are evident in many individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, they are not always present in all; consequently, they cannot entirely account for the umbrella of cognitive disorders.
In a recent study, top neurologists and researchers went a few steps further, to shed light on a new discovery in the causes of Alzheimer’s. The study looked at the cerebrovascular pathologies, cardiovascular health, and microvascular disorders. Almost all individuals with dementia show signs of some vascular impairment on various levels.
2. What are the symptoms?
The signs and symptoms of dementia are different throughout the various stages of the disease, but common indicators are as follows:
• Forgetfulness, especially short-term memory
• Change in personality
• Agitation/Frustration
• Difficulty with daily tasks
• Social withdraw
• Aphasia (speech disorders)
• Sundowning (confusion and sleeplessness in the evening)
3. What are the treatment options?
Some medications can slow the progression of the disease, but these are unfortunately not a curative treatment method. However, we do know that following helps patients stave off the disorder:
• Dietary guidance
• Physical activity
• Cognitive training and socialization
• Intensive monitoring and management of
metabolic and vascular risk factors
4. How can you prevent cognitive decline and the progression of the disease?
Maintaining a healthy brain starts by eating a nutritious diet, such as the Mediterranean, MIND or DASH diet, which provide essential nutrients for the brain’s condition. All three of these diets emphasize eating plenty of vegetables, fruit, healthy fats, whole grains and lean protein (especially cold-water fish), while avoiding sugar, simple carbs and saturated fats. Eating this way is thought to prevent cognitive decline by proving the brain and body with antioxidants, and the good fats that it needs to function properly. Excessive sugar, simple carbohydrates, processed foods and chemicals are known to cause brain and memory degeneration.
5. Staying active and social is also a useful method for maintaining optimal brain health.
Along with socialization, staying physically active is imperative in the production of oxygen-rich blood flow and can decrease your risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia.
A few years ago, there was a cognitive study performed, the first of its kind, which incorporated an interventional methodology to take a multi-domain approach to dementia prevention. The trial called the FINGER Study was conducted over a two-year period in Finland by a team of healthcare providers.
With over 1200 participants, the randomized tests were done on a control group and a multi-domain intervention group. The control group was given regular health advice on a weekly basis, while the intervention group was given tactical exercise, diets and performance studies three to four times per week.
The multi-domain intervention group’s protocol consisted of:
• Dietary guidance
• Physical activity
• Cognitive training and socialization
• Intensive monitoring and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors
The conclusion of the study showed that it is possible to prevent cognitive decline through physical exercise, diet, cognitive training and socialization, and by lower metabolic risk factors.
If caught early, this progressive disease can be delayed through specifically advanced treatment options like diet, exercise and refining memory skills. Primary Care Doctors, Neurologists and other professionally trained practitioners are essential in putting the pieces back together.
Revello Medical and Wellness Centers
Revello Medical and Wellness is a family owned and operated medical practice founded in 1992. The vision of Revello Medical has always been to set our practice apart from the rest, and that starts from the moment you enter through the door. We are not your typical medical practice, upon arriving, our patients feel the warmth and familiarity from our front office staff, and that continues all the way through your visit with one of our dedicated physicians.
Our Physicians are always prepared to give you the personalized care you need and deserve and to pursue quality of excellence in your care.
Revello Medical and Wellness Centers
Town & Country
(813) 888-8215
West Tampa
(813) 873-8071
(813) 374-7007

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